Yogurt May Help Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
A study recently published by researchers at the University of Cambridge looked at the diets of more than 750 men and 750 women and their propensity for developing type 2 diabetes. All 3,500 participants were randomly chosen and living in eastern Norfolk. The study lasted for 11 years and took detailed note of participants eating habits. However, the participants eating habits were only recorded at the beginning of the study, not for the whole 11 years.
Reduce Type 2 Diabetes Risk by Up to 28 Percent
Ultimately, the researchers found that people who ate low-fat fermented dairy products such as yogurt, low-fat cottage cheese and fromage blanc were 24 percent less likely to get diabetes as other participants who ate no fermented dairy products. When researchers looked at yogurt exclusively they found that eating yogurt could reduce a person’s risk of developing diabetes by 28 percent. Though, this required eating four and a half packaged (4.4 ounce) yogurts per week. Participants who swapped out yogurt for chips were found to be 47 percent less likely to develop diabetes.
The research controlled for obesity and genetic indicators of diabetes. The researchers also controlled to find that only low-fat fermented dairy products were associated with the reduction in risk as opposed to high-fat fermented products and milk.
Researchers are puzzled by these results and still have no clear scientific explanation. Future research will delve into how and why low-fat fermented products prevent diabetes. For right now, their best guess is that the probiotic bacteria found in these foods contain a special version of Vitamin K that inhibits diabetes.